Between 1901 and 2017, 892 people became Nobel laureates, of which only 48 were women or 5.4% of total winners. The first woman who enjoyed this award was Marie Curie, in 1903 she received the Nobel Prize for Physics, and in 1911 the second prize in another science - chemistry.
Over a century later, little progress has been made reducing the gender gap in science. So far in the 2010s only 9% of winners have been female compared with 88% male (the rest were organisations). Throughout the history of the awards women have been most likely to win a Nobel Prize for Peace and Literature. There has only ever been 1 female winner for Economics and only 2 for Physics.
Who were the women and men Nobel Prize laureates see below in an interactive infograph (place the cursor on bars or points for more information).
Author: David Hoskins